By Joel Smith STACK.com
The barbell is a staple of training for strength and athletic performance, but is it the best way to train athletic strength? A new form of resistance training is supplanting barbell work in many performance gyms and NCAA institutions.
What type of resistance could be better than the cold iron we are so familiar with? Inertial training.
Inertial resistance uses a rotating cone, or wheel, to create force. In modern inertial resistance setups, the cone or wheel is attached to a cord, which is attached to a handle or harness. Since it is a little hard to explain in one shot, below are some videos demonstrating inertial training for building athletic strength and power.
This first video demonstrates a cone-shaped means of inertial resistance, the Versapulley. As the cord is pulled, the wheel spins and gains momentum, which reverses itself as the movement is finished.
The second video shows the box, which allows for the performance of more traditional movements, such as Squats, under inertial tension. This works in a manner similar to the Versapulley, but it uses a wheel instead of a cone.
As you can see, these Squats aren’t easy! In fact, I’ve personally coached a 500-pound squatter who couldn’t reverse the flywheel at the bottom of the Squat and had to step back off the machine! I’ve also had an Olympic champion swimmer whose back could handle 315-pound barbell RDLs for reps, but performing RDLs with inertial resistance brought about more visible changes in how his body reacted to the extreme force. The force of the flywheel is often, if not always, well over the maximal weight on the bar that most athletes can manage.
Why is this type of resistance better than traditional barbells or weight stacks? It’s simple: the eccentric (or lowering) portion of a lift or movement is greatly increased in inertial resistance methods. Let’s take the Squat as an easy example. In a Barbell Squat, the hardest portion of the lift is obviously the way up. People usually fail a few inches into the upward motion of the Squat movement. In inertial resistance, the hardest portion is on the way down. This is because the momentum of the rotating cone or wheel preserves the highest velocity the athlete was able to reach during the upward, or concentric, portion of the lift, and reverses that back into the eccentric portion.
Uses and Benefits
Some uses and benefits of inertial resistance include:
- An excellent warm-up when used in slow movement speeds and higher reps, because the tension is constant, not variable as with barbells. As such, it is easier on the joints. It also has a bigger potentiation effect than barbells.
- An eccentric overload that is significantly greater than what barbells can provide. This means the peak force on the muscle tissue is higher, and a greater muscular output is attained. In athletics, it is typically the eccentric portion of muscle contraction that determines the speed and power of movement.
- The harnesses and cables used for inertial training facilitate a large variety of athletic movements. Cable versions, in particular, offer rotational training capabilities that go far beyond what is currently available, so athletes in sports such as baseball, softball, golf and tennis may be especially responsive to this form of training.
- Since inertial training places constant tension on the muscle during a movement, it offers a greater metabolic demand per unit of time than traditional barbell training. (It’s also safer for reasons mentioned in the first bullet point.)
Right now, some coaches are exclusively using flywheel-style training over barbell work for big-time training results.
The main issue for the casual athlete is the price of inertial resistance machines. They cost between $2,000 and 3,000 (or more), which is clearly out of the affordable range for most households, and even small training centers. Not every gym can justify spending that much money for a single oiuce of equipment. Nevertheless, inertial resistance, as effective as it is, is making its way into the modern training space; and coaches and athletes need to understand the potential benefits of flywheel work. If you have a chance to try this training technology, you’re sure to be impressed by the results.
(Note: Special thanks for the video content to Paul Cater, inertial training specialist and head performance coach at “The Alpha Project” in Monterey, California